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Northwest Passage cruise stops to see Franklin’s shipwrecked Erebus

Ocean Endeavour is the first vessel to take visitors into these protected waters
The excitement mounts as the Adventure Canada Zodiacs line up for their turn exploring the diving barge used to explore the Erebus shipwreck. Photo Jennifer Bain

To make our own historic, albeit modest, journey, we climb out of Zodiacs, up a three-step rope ladder and on to a forest green barge bobbing in the ocean in Nunavut.

We are not polar explorers, or even researchers, rather ordinary people on an expedition cruise that has just become the first vessel welcomed into protected waters for a visitor experience as divers explore the wreck of Sir John Franklin’s doomed HMS Erebus.

After a visit to the RV David Thompson, a Parks Canada research vessel working on the Erebus shipwreck, Adventure Canada’s Marc Hebert drives passenger Cathy Cooper and other guests back to the Ocean Endeavour. Photo Jennifer Bain

It is the sixth time in three years that Adventure Canada has attempted to bring people here, and the first time the treacherous ice and fierce winds have cooperated.

In the words of host David Newland — a performer, speaker and Arctic enthusiast — it feels like higher forces have gifted us this rare experience. It is Sept. 5 in what is clearly a lucky week.

The Erebuswas found on Sept. 2, 2014, and the Terror was found on Sept. 3, 2016.

Aboard the RV David Thompson, we see this live view of the Erebus as it lies in the icy water nearby. Photo Jennifer Bain

Aboard the barge, Parks Canada’s underwater archaeology team is ready to test-drive its first visitor experience at Wrecks of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror National Historic Site of Canada.

As part of our permit to be here on the Ocean Endeavour, we must disable the GPS functions on our phones and cameras to protect the location.

We can’t disturb anything or take souvenirs. We can shoot photos from the boats, but can’t shoot underwater. Dropping anything is a serious concern. It won’t be retrieved and it will trigger an incident form.

Despite the fear of messing things up for this pilot project, we are giddy from seeing rare, embargoed drone shots of what the Erebus looks like standing upright and largely intact in just 11 metres of clear, calm water.

Today’s seas are choppy, though, so we just peer into the dark depths and imagine what’s below. Unforgiving weather creates a short research season, but part of Parks Canada’s mandate is to share its sites so this is important work, too.

The RV David Thompson uses a small barge as a diving platform. Most of the dives at the Erebus wreck site are surface supply dives with umbilical hoses to supply hot water, air, light and cameras. Photo Jennifer Bain

Team manager Marc-André Bernier signals a diver to swim over to six Royal Navy-issued blue willow ceramic plates that were just discovered a day ago.

The divers used scuba gear at the deeper Terror wreck site, just 80 kilometres away, but mainly do surface supply dives here with four “umbilical hoses” that provide cameras, air, light and even hot water.

“I’ll admit the first 10 seconds in the ocean are painful,” allows Bernier. “Until the hot water kicks in, you do the polar dip.” The noisy water hose has been turned off for our tours, so we apologize for the discomfort we’re unexpectedly causing the divers.

This is a replica of a blue willow plate issued by the Royal Navy and found on the Erebus. Photo Jennifer Bain

Next we’re ushered into the artifacts lab, where we can’t take photos, but are shown six newly discovered objects — a black glass bottle that probably held liquor, ceramic bottle that likely held ink, leather boot sole, glass decanter, ornate wooden handle and tiny tongs that may once have been used for sugar cubes. The relics are being kept in shallow grey tubs of sea water.

Aboard the RV David Thompson, Parks Canada underwater archaeologist Thierry Boyer shows a model of the Erebus. Photo Jennifer Bain

Looking at these ancient objects transports us back to 1845 when Franklin and his men set sail from England on two ships, convinced they would find the fabled Northwest Passage, an imagined shortcut from Europe to Asia for trade purposes.

The ships soon disappeared within the Arctic Archipelago that is part of the Inuit homeland and now Canada’s youngest territory, Nunavut.

Aboard the barge, Parks Canada’s Marc-André Bernier explains how hot water is pumped through diving suits to keep the underwater archaeologists warm as they scour the Erebus for artifacts. Photo Jennifer Bain

The full story still isn’t known, but the 129 men battled unrelenting ice, scurvy and lead poisoning from sloppily tinned food, and some resorted to survival cannibalism, before they all died over the next few years. The search continues for Franklin’s grave.

I read up on Franklin in the Ocean Endeavour’s library during the 18-day “Out of the Northwest Passage” trip through Nunavut and Greenland.

The family-run, Ontario-based Adventure Canada — led by CEO Cedar Swan with help from her Inuk husband Jason Edmunds, the expedition leader — cruises the passage twice each year, the “crown jewel” of its multiple routes. Inuit culturalists and polar bear guards, geologists, botanists, marine biologists, bird experts, naturalists, musicians and other experts join each cruise. The ship holds just 198 passengers.

After we cycle through the barge in small groups, we zip over to the RV David Thompson. The pride of the Parks Canada research vessel fleet sleeps 14 and just spent a week at the Terror, has been here nine days and hopes to get another week of work done before the weather turns.

Underwater archaeologists Ryan Harris and Thierry Boyer regale us with details of how the sonar and film equipment works and reiterate how they’re mandated to engage the public about the wrecks.

“If everyone knows what they’re about, people will want to protect them and be fascinated by them just like we are,” predicts Boyer.

Aboard the RV David Thompson, we see this live view of the Erebus as it lies in the icy water nearby. Photo Jennifer Bain

“You are part of the next chapter,” says Parks Canada’s Tamara Tarasoff, project manager for the site, who joined our ship in Kugluktuk for three nights to prepare us for this historic outing.

The questionnaires we fill out will help them decide when and how to let other cruises and smaller vessels into the restricted area. Parks Canada and the Nunavummiut (people of Nunavut) work together to preserve and protect the wrecks. The partnership, the first for a National Historic Site, reflects the critical role the Inuit played in the two discoveries.

The Guardians are a team of Inuit from Gjoa Haven who camp out near the wrecks of Franklin’s doomed Erebus to protect it from treasure hunters and intruders. Six of them are shown here flanked by two Parks Canada staff and two men from their community. Photo Jennifer Bain

The Inuit — who passed down oral stories about Franklin’s ships and men — make up a security team known as the Guardians who camp near the wreck site watching for unauthorized visitors or treasure seekers.

Six of them, along with an elder, come aboard our ship to chat, calling the work “the best job in town” and they saying it’s nice to get out of town and use their survival and hunting skills.

Before we move on to a cruise that includes polar bears, musk-ox, whales, icebergs, seabirds, the polar barrens (polar desert), remote parts of Nunavut and even remoter parts of Greenland, we visit the Guardians’ town.

Gjoa Haven is the keeper of the Franklin story and the “Heart of the Northwest Passage,” according to the brochure and map we each get when we arrive.

The Inuit hamlet of 1,446 people on King William Island was named for Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, the first European to transit the Northwest Passage aboard his ship the Gjøa. Known by its Inuktitut name as Uqsuqtuuq (“Place of Plenty Blubber”), the community has an annual Umiyaqtutt (shipwreck) Festival and hosts only a half dozen small cruise ships each year.

In the hamlet of Gjoa Haven near the Erebus and Terror wreck sites, the community welcomes visitors with drum dancer Adam Aglukkaq and singer Alisha Kammemalik. Photo Jennifer Bain

We are welcomed by two drum dancers, eight square dancers, one singer and a four-piece band. The Nattilik Heritage Centre showcases the traditional Inuit lifestyle and sells local carvings. An area devoted to the Franklin story is poised to expand.

In Gjoa Haven, Norman Aquptanguaq, a 26-year-old father of one, is one of the tour guides charged with showing off the hamlet to international visitors. Photo Jennifer Bain

Tour guide Norman Aquptanguaq takes me to the Qikiqtaq Co-Op where we admire ball caps, travel mugs, water bottles and coffee cups that speak to burgeoning tourism savvy. They are emblazoned with Gjoa Haven and either the catchy slogan “Heart of the Franklin Expedition,” “Home of the Franklin Expedition” or — my favourite — “Land of the Franklin Expedition.”

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