Mayor Kennedy Steward has officially declared Aug.1, 2021, Emancipation Day in Vancouver.
To mark this day, the Vancouver mayor issued a proclamation on behalf of the City declaring Aug. 1 Emancipation Day.
"We acknowledge the impacts of anti-Black racism and the intersectionality with anti-Indigenous racism, along with the intersections of ancestry, place of origin, religion, marital status, family status, physical and/or mental disability, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, and class of persons. Our current systems were built on and grew from historic colonial foundations of anti-Indigenous and anti-Black racism and ongoing policies and practices continue to negatively impact Black and Indigenous peoples today," states a news release.
"We are committed to addressing the historic and ongoing discrimination against the Black and African Diaspora and Indigenous communities and responding to the community’s call for us to address anti-Black and anti-Indigenous racism."
While celebrating and honouring Black and African Diaspora communities in Vancouver, the city will continue to stand with and mourn alongside Indigenous peoples in Canada during this "difficult, heart-breaking, and emotional time as truths about residential school atrocities continue to be confirmed."
“On this day, I join with everyone in our city to recognize the lasting and destructive legacy of slavery and the injustices visited on black communities in Vancouver and throughout the country,” said Mayor Kennedy Stewart. “Together, we are called upon to fight anti-black racism in all its forms and to work towards a more humane and just future for all."
Prior to this decision, several anti-racism rallies were held across the Country. In Vancouver, thousands of protestors marched through the city on June 19, 2020, in support of the Black Lives Matter movement and to celebrate "Juneteenth" - the day that marks the emancipation of the last remaining enslaved African Americans in the Confederacy.
Following that protest, the organizers of the Juneteenth March - Vancouver-based Nova Stevens and Shamika Mitchell - hosted the Emancipation Day March on Saturday, Aug 1, 2020.
In June, organizer Stevens said that the Juneteenth march in Vancouver offered a powerful way to speak about racism in Canada, but that the conversation needs to continue.
"I am not in your house. I don't know what conversations your parents or friends are having," Stevens told Vancouver Is Awesome in a phone call. "We need to continue talking about these issues and defend the people who are not in the room.
"Canada's emancipation was in 1834 on August 1, and there is still racial division and inequality. For lack of a better word, it is really sad. I'm tired of talking about race," she said.
History and significance of Emancipation Day
For more than 400 years, millions of African people were victims of the transatlantic slave trade, where they underwent legally enforced enslavement. They were denied their basic human rights and were considered property that could be bought and sold. The buying and selling of Black Africans was practiced in North America, including Canada, Europe, and the Caribbean for two centuries starting in the early 1600s. Indigenous people including Inuit, Metis, and First Nations were enslaved in Canada alongside People of African descent.
The passage of the Slavery Abolition Act took effect on Aug. 1, 1834, ending slavery for many Africans and Indigenous people throughout the British Empire, including Canada. While this change encouraged hope for people of African descent who could now live without fear of enslavement, full emancipation of enslaved Africans did not take effect until four years later. This is because all enslaved Africans over six years old were required to work without pay for four years to repay losses to their slave owners.
We are only able to mark Emancipation Day because of the efforts of many enslaved Africans and their Abolitionist allies who fought tirelessly, some to their deaths, for freedom against this unjust system that regarded them as sub-humans.
For Black and African Canadians, and Indigenous peoples, Emancipation Day is a day of celebration, and remembrance. It also stands as a reminder of the challenges that Peoples of African descent have overcome in the last 200 years, and is a solemn recognition of the work that still needs to be done to dismantle systems and structures of anti-Black racism in our country.
Anti-Black racism resources
All Vancouverites are asked to reflect, educate, and engage in the ongoing fight against anti-Black and anti-Indigenous racism and discrimination, and colonization.
Below is a list of resources to support you in this work:
- Learn about the story of slavery in Canadian history from the Canadian Museum for Human Rights.
- Explore topics like the transatlantic slave track, Black and Indigenous enslavement in Canada, abolition, and more with the Enslaved reading list from CBC.
- Review the Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action and consider how your personal and professional work can contribute to advancing them.
- Educate yourself on the important contributions made by people of African descent to our societies and how to promote their full inclusion and to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance through the United Nation’s International Decade for People of African Descent (2015-2024).
- Read about the current measures taken to prevent racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, Afrophobia, and related intolerance faced by people of African descent in Canada in the Report of the Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent.
- Engage with our interactive photomap, Give Them Their Flowers, which centres on the experiences, hopes, and wishes of 10 Black residents who have made impactful contributions to life in Vancouver.
- Download our bystander intervention guide PDF file (643 KB), so you can do your part to protect your friends, neighbours, and community members when you witness discrimination, harassment, or acts of hate.
- Stay up-to-date on our work to address anti-Black racism, with quarterly email updates by joining the Anti-Racism and Cultural Redress mailing list. Read the first issue here PDF file (131 KB).